dslinux/user/perl/lib/Test/Builder Module.pm Tester.pm

cayenne dslinux_cayenne at user.in-berlin.de
Mon Dec 4 18:01:03 CET 2006

Update of /cvsroot/dslinux/dslinux/user/perl/lib/Test/Builder
In directory antilope:/tmp/cvs-serv17422/lib/Test/Builder

Added Files:
	Module.pm Tester.pm 
Log Message:
Adding fresh perl source to HEAD to branch from

--- NEW FILE: Tester.pm ---
package Test::Builder::Tester;

use strict;
use vars qw(@EXPORT $VERSION @ISA);
$VERSION = "1.02";

use Test::Builder;
use Symbol;
use Carp;

=head1 NAME

Test::Builder::Tester - test testsuites that have been built with


    use Test::Builder::Tester tests => 1;
    use Test::More;

    test_out("not ok 1 - foo");
    test_test("fail works");


A module that helps you test testing modules that are built with

The testing system is designed to be used by performing a three step
process for each test you wish to test.  This process starts with using
C<test_out> and C<test_err> in advance to declare what the testsuite you
are testing will output with B<Test::Builder> to stdout and stderr.

You then can run the test(s) from your test suite that call
B<Test::Builder>.  At this point the output of B<Test::Builder> is
safely captured by B<Test::Builder::Tester> rather than being
interpreted as real test output.

The final stage is to call C<test_test> that will simply compare what you
predeclared to what B<Test::Builder> actually outputted, and report the
results back with a "ok" or "not ok" (with debugging) to the normal


# set up testing

my $t = Test::Builder->new;

# make us an exporter

use Exporter;
@ISA = qw(Exporter);

@EXPORT = qw(test_out test_err test_fail test_diag test_test line_num);

# _export_to_level and import stolen directly from Test::More.  I am
# the king of cargo cult programming ;-)

# 5.004's Exporter doesn't have export_to_level.
sub _export_to_level
      my $pkg = shift;
      my $level = shift;
      (undef) = shift;                  # XXX redundant arg
      my $callpkg = caller($level);
      $pkg->export($callpkg, @_);

sub import {
    my $class = shift;
    my(@plan) = @_;

    my $caller = caller;


    my @imports = ();
    foreach my $idx (0..$#plan) {
        if( $plan[$idx] eq 'import' ) {
            @imports = @{$plan[$idx+1]};

    __PACKAGE__->_export_to_level(1, __PACKAGE__, @imports);

# set up file handles

# create some private file handles
my $output_handle = gensym;
my $error_handle  = gensym;

# and tie them to this package
my $out = tie *$output_handle, "Test::Tester::Tie", "STDOUT";
my $err = tie *$error_handle,  "Test::Tester::Tie", "STDERR";

# exported functions

# for remembering that we're testing and where we're testing at
my $testing = 0;
my $testing_num;

# remembering where the file handles were originally connected
my $original_output_handle;
my $original_failure_handle;
my $original_todo_handle;

my $original_test_number;
my $original_harness_state;

my $original_harness_env;

# function that starts testing and redirects the filehandles for now
sub _start_testing
    # even if we're running under Test::Harness pretend we're not
    # for now.  This needed so Test::Builder doesn't add extra spaces
    $original_harness_env = $ENV{HARNESS_ACTIVE} || 0;

    # remember what the handles were set to
    $original_output_handle  = $t->output();
    $original_failure_handle = $t->failure_output();
    $original_todo_handle    = $t->todo_output();

    # switch out to our own handles

    # clear the expected list

    # remeber that we're testing
    $testing = 1;
    $testing_num = $t->current_test;

    # look, we shouldn't do the ending stuff

=head2 Methods

These are the six methods that are exported as default.

=over 4

=item test_out

=item test_err

Procedures for predeclaring the output that your test suite is
expected to produce until C<test_test> is called.  These procedures
automatically assume that each line terminates with "\n".  So

   test_out("ok 1","ok 2");

is the same as

   test_out("ok 1\nok 2");

which is even the same as

   test_out("ok 1");
   test_out("ok 2");

Once C<test_out> or C<test_err> (or C<test_fail> or C<test_diag>) have
been called once all further output from B<Test::Builder> will be
captured by B<Test::Builder::Tester>.  This means that your will not
be able perform further tests to the normal output in the normal way
until you call C<test_test> (well, unless you manually meddle with the
output filehandles)


sub test_out(@)
    # do we need to do any setup?
    _start_testing() unless $testing;


sub test_err(@)
    # do we need to do any setup?
    _start_testing() unless $testing;


=item test_fail

Because the standard failure message that B<Test::Builder> produces
whenever a test fails will be a common occurrence in your test error
output, and because has changed between Test::Builder versions, rather
than forcing you to call C<test_err> with the string all the time like

    test_err("# Failed test ($0 at line ".line_num(+1).")");

C<test_fail> exists as a convenience method that can be called
instead.  It takes one argument, the offset from the current line that
the line that causes the fail is on.


This means that the example in the synopsis could be rewritten
more simply as:

   test_out("not ok 1 - foo");
   test_test("fail works");


sub test_fail
    # do we need to do any setup?
    _start_testing() unless $testing;

    # work out what line we should be on
    my ($package, $filename, $line) = caller;
    $line = $line + (shift() || 0); # prevent warnings

    # expect that on stderr
    $err->expect("#     Failed test ($0 at line $line)");

=item test_diag

As most of the remaining expected output to the error stream will be
created by Test::Builder's C<diag> function, B<Test::Builder::Tester>
provides a convience function C<test_diag> that you can use instead of

The C<test_diag> function prepends comment hashes and spacing to the
start and newlines to the end of the expected output passed to it and
adds it to the list of expected error output.  So, instead of writing

   test_err("# Couldn't open file");

you can write

   test_diag("Couldn't open file");

Remember that B<Test::Builder>'s diag function will not add newlines to
the end of output and test_diag will. So to check


You would do


without the newlines.


sub test_diag
    # do we need to do any setup?
    _start_testing() unless $testing;

    # expect the same thing, but prepended with "#     "
    local $_;
    $err->expect(map {"# $_"} @_)

=item test_test

Actually performs the output check testing the tests, comparing the
data (with C<eq>) that we have captured from B<Test::Builder> against
that that was declared with C<test_out> and C<test_err>.

This takes name/value pairs that effect how the test is run.


=item title (synonym 'name', 'label')

The name of the test that will be displayed after the C<ok> or C<not

=item skip_out

Setting this to a true value will cause the test to ignore if the
output sent by the test to the output stream does not match that
declared with C<test_out>.

=item skip_err

Setting this to a true value will cause the test to ignore if the
output sent by the test to the error stream does not match that
declared with C<test_err>.


As a convience, if only one argument is passed then this argument
is assumed to be the name of the test (as in the above examples.)

Once C<test_test> has been run test output will be redirected back to
the original filehandles that B<Test::Builder> was connected to
(probably STDOUT and STDERR,) meaning any further tests you run
will function normally and cause success/errors for B<Test::Harness>.


sub test_test
   # decode the arguements as described in the pod
   my $mess;
   my %args;
   if (@_ == 1)
     { $mess = shift }
     %args = @_;
     $mess = $args{name} if exists($args{name});
     $mess = $args{title} if exists($args{title});
     $mess = $args{label} if exists($args{label});

    # er, are we testing?
    croak "Not testing.  You must declare output with a test function first."
	unless $testing;

    # okay, reconnect the test suite back to the saved handles

    # restore the test no, etc, back to the original point
    $testing = 0;

    # re-enable the original setting of the harness
    $ENV{HARNESS_ACTIVE} = $original_harness_env;

    # check the output we've stashed
    unless ($t->ok(    ($args{skip_out} || $out->check)
                    && ($args{skip_err} || $err->check),
      # print out the diagnostic information about why this
      # test failed

      local $_;

      $t->diag(map {"$_\n"} $out->complaint)
	unless $args{skip_out} || $out->check;

      $t->diag(map {"$_\n"} $err->complaint)
	unless $args{skip_err} || $err->check;

=item line_num

A utility function that returns the line number that the function was
called on.  You can pass it an offset which will be added to the
result.  This is very useful for working out the correct text of
diagnostic methods that contain line numbers.

Essentially this is the same as the C<__LINE__> macro, but the
C<line_num(+3)> idiom is arguably nicer.


sub line_num
    my ($package, $filename, $line) = caller;
    return $line + (shift() || 0); # prevent warnings


In addition to the six exported functions there there exists one
function that can only be accessed with a fully qualified function

=over 4

=item color

When C<test_test> is called and the output that your tests generate
does not match that which you declared, C<test_test> will print out
debug information showing the two conflicting versions.  As this
output itself is debug information it can be confusing which part of
the output is from C<test_test> and which was the original output from
your original tests.  Also, it may be hard to spot things like
extraneous whitespace at the end of lines that may cause your test to
fail even though the output looks similar.

To assist you, if you have the B<Term::ANSIColor> module installed
(which you should do by default from perl 5.005 onwards), C<test_test>
can colour the background of the debug information to disambiguate the
different types of output. The debug output will have it's background
coloured green and red.  The green part represents the text which is
the same between the executed and actual output, the red shows which
part differs.

The C<color> function determines if colouring should occur or not.
Passing it a true or false value will enable or disable colouring
respectively, and the function called with no argument will return the
current setting.

To enable colouring from the command line, you can use the
B<Text::Builder::Tester::Color> module like so:

   perl -Mlib=Text::Builder::Tester::Color test.t

Or by including the B<Test::Builder::Tester::Color> module directly in


my $color;
sub color
  $color = shift if @_;


=head1 BUGS

Calls B<Test::Builder>'s C<no_ending> method turning off the ending
tests.  This is needed as otherwise it will trip out because we've run
more tests than we strictly should have and it'll register any
failures we had that we were testing for as real failures.

The color function doesn't work unless B<Term::ANSIColor> is installed
and is compatible with your terminal.

Bugs (and requests for new features) can be reported to the author
though the CPAN RT system:

=head1 AUTHOR

Copyright Mark Fowler E<lt>mark at twoshortplanks.comE<gt> 2002, 2004.

Some code taken from B<Test::More> and B<Test::Catch>, written by by
Michael G Schwern E<lt>schwern at pobox.comE<gt>.  Hence, those parts
Copyright Micheal G Schwern 2001.  Used and distributed with

This program is free software; you can redistribute it
and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=head1 NOTES

This code has been tested explicitly on the following versions
of perl: 5.7.3, 5.6.1, 5.6.0, 5.005_03, 5.004_05 and 5.004.

Thanks to Richard Clamp E<lt>richardc at unixbeard.netE<gt> for letting
me use his testing system to try this module out on.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Test::Builder>, L<Test::Builder::Tester::Color>, L<Test::More>.



# Helper class that is used to remember expected and received data

package Test::Tester::Tie;

# add line(s) to be expected

sub expect
    my $self = shift;

    my @checks = @_;
    foreach my $check (@checks) {
        $check = $self->_translate_Failed_check($check);
        push @{$self->[2]}, ref $check ? $check : "$check\n";

sub _translate_Failed_check 
    my($self, $check) = @_;

    if( $check =~ /\A(.*)#     (Failed .*test) \((.*?) at line (\d+)\)\z/ ) {
        $check = qr/\Q$1\E#\s+\Q$2\E.*?\n?.*?\Q$3\E at line \Q$4\E.*\n?/;

    return $check;

# return true iff the expected data matches the got data

sub check
    my $self = shift;

    # turn off warnings as these might be undef
    local $^W = 0;

    my @checks = @{$self->[2]};
    my $got = $self->[1];
    foreach my $check (@checks) {
        $check = qr/^\Q$check\E/ unless ref $check;
        return 0 unless $got =~ s/^$check//;

    return length $got == 0;

# a complaint message about the inputs not matching (to be
# used for debugging messages)

sub complaint
    my $self = shift;
    my $type   = $self->type;
    my $got    = $self->got;
    my $wanted = join "\n", @{$self->wanted};

    # are we running in colour mode?
    if (Test::Builder::Tester::color)
      # get color
      eval "require Term::ANSIColor";
      unless ($@)
	# colours

	my $green = Term::ANSIColor::color("black").
        my $red   = Term::ANSIColor::color("black").
	my $reset = Term::ANSIColor::color("reset");

	# work out where the two strings start to differ
	my $char = 0;
	$char++ while substr($got, $char, 1) eq substr($wanted, $char, 1);

	# get the start string and the two end strings
	my $start     = $green . substr($wanted, 0,   $char);
	my $gotend    = $red   . substr($got   , $char) . $reset;
	my $wantedend = $red   . substr($wanted, $char) . $reset;

	# make the start turn green on and off
	$start =~ s/\n/$reset\n$green/g;

	# make the ends turn red on and off
	$gotend    =~ s/\n/$reset\n$red/g;
	$wantedend =~ s/\n/$reset\n$red/g;

	# rebuild the strings
	$got    = $start . $gotend;
	$wanted = $start . $wantedend;

    return "$type is:\n" .
           "$got\nnot:\n$wanted\nas expected"

# forget all expected and got data

sub reset
    my $self = shift;
    @$self = ($self->[0], '', []);

sub got
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->[1];

sub wanted
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->[2];

sub type
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->[0];

# tie interface

sub PRINT  {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->[1] .= join '', @_;

    my($class, $type) = @_;

    my $self = bless [$type], $class;

    return $self;

sub READ {}
sub GETC {}
sub FILENO {}


--- NEW FILE: Module.pm ---
package Test::Builder::Module;

use Test::Builder;

require Exporter;
@ISA = qw(Exporter);

$VERSION = '0.02';

use strict;

# 5.004's Exporter doesn't have export_to_level.
my $_export_to_level = sub {
      my $pkg = shift;
      my $level = shift;
      (undef) = shift;                  # redundant arg
      my $callpkg = caller($level);
      $pkg->export($callpkg, @_);

=head1 NAME

Test::Builder::Module - Base class for test modules


  # Emulates Test::Simple
  package Your::Module;

  my $CLASS = __PACKAGE__;

  use base 'Test::Builder::Module';
  @EXPORT = qw(ok);

  sub ok ($;$) {
      my $tb = $CLASS->builder;
      return $tb->ok(@_);


This is a superclass for Test::Builder-based modules.  It provides a
handful of common functionality and a method of getting at the underlying
Test::Builder object.

=head2 Importing

Test::Builder::Module is a subclass of Exporter which means your
module is also a subclass of Exporter.  @EXPORT, @EXPORT_OK, etc...
all act normally.

A few methods are provided to do the C<use Your::Module tests => 23> part
for you.

=head3 import

Test::Builder::Module provides an import() method which acts in the
same basic way as Test::More's, setting the plan and controling
exporting of functions and variables.  This allows your module to set
the plan independent of Test::More.

All arguments passed to import() are passed onto 
C<< Your::Module->builder->plan() >> with the exception of 
C<import =>[qw(things to import)]>.

    use Your::Module import => [qw(this that)], tests => 23;

says to import the functions this() and that() as well as set the plan
to be 23 tests.

import() also sets the exported_to() attribute of your builder to be
the caller of the import() function.

Additional behaviors can be added to your import() method by overriding


sub import {
    my($class) = shift;

    my $test = $class->builder;

    my $caller = caller;


    my(@imports) = $class->_strip_imports(\@_);


    $class->$_export_to_level(1, $class, @imports);

sub _strip_imports {
    my $class = shift;
    my $list  = shift;

    my @imports = ();
    my @other   = ();
    my $idx = 0;
    while( $idx <= $#{$list} ) {
        my $item = $list->[$idx];

        if( defined $item and $item eq 'import' ) {
            push @imports, @{$list->[$idx+1]};
        else {
            push @other, $item;


    @$list = @other;

    return @imports;

=head3 import_extra


import_extra() is called by import().  It provides an opportunity for you
to add behaviors to your module based on its import list.

Any extra arguments which shouldn't be passed on to plan() should be 
stripped off by this method.

See Test::More for an example of its use.

B<NOTE> This mechanism is I<VERY ALPHA AND LIKELY TO CHANGE> as it
feels like a bit of an ugly hack in its current form.


sub import_extra {}

=head2 Builder

Test::Builder::Module provides some methods of getting at the underlying
Test::Builder object.

=head3 builder

  my $builder = Your::Class->builder;

This method returns the Test::Builder object associated with Your::Class.
It is not a constructor so you can call it as often as you like.

This is the preferred way to get the Test::Builder object.  You should
I<not> get it via C<< Test::Builder->new >> as was previously

The object returned by builder() may change at runtime so you should
call builder() inside each function rather than store it in a global.

  sub ok {
      my $builder = Your::Class->builder;

      return $builder->ok(@_);


sub builder {
    return Test::Builder->new;


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